Maladaptive schemas are defined as 'cognitive structures that bias information processing regarding the self, others and the world and give rise to negative automatic thoughts and depressive feelings.' Many children with 'conduct disorder' are also suffering from depression and a study of 82 youngsters in Belgium referred for antisocial-behaviour problems compared those diagnosed with depression to the rest of the sample. The depressed children felt more disconnection from, and rejection by, their parents. In terms of their relationship with their mothers the depressed children scored higher for the maladaptive schema defectiveness/shame. The depressed children's relationships with their fathers were characterised by the maladaptive schemas abandonment/instability, emotional deprivation and defectiveness/shame. The depressed children perceived their parents as more cold, unstable, unreliable and unpredictable than the other children's.
Vlierberghe, Leen Van ... [et al] - Parental schemas in youngsters referred for antisocial behaviour problems demonstrating depressive symptoms The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology December 2007, 18(4), 515-533