Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) has a comparatively strong level of empirical support as a treatment for a range of psychiatric disorders, including substance abuse. However, due to a lack of staff and resources CBT remains rarely implemented in the range of settings where individuals with substance use disorders are treated. Computer-assisted therapy could provide a comparatively low-cost method of teaching CBT skills to more substance users and a U.S. trial of 77 patients compared those using computer-based training for cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT4CBT) with those receiving standard treatment. Participants using CBT4CBT submitted significantly more negative urine samples and tended to have longer continuous periods of abstinence during treatment. The programme was positively evaluated by participants and completion of CBT4CBT homework asssingments was significantly correlated with outcome.
Carroll, Kathleen M. ... [et al] - Computer-assisted delivery of cognitive-behavioral therapy for addiction: a randomized trial of CBT4CBT American Journal of Psychiatry July 2008, 165(7), 881-888