A pilot study in Virginia, U.S. has found that transcendental meditation may be helpful for children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Transcendental meditation is a simple meditation technique in which people sit comfortably for 10-15 minutes with their eyes closed, silently repeating a mantra (a sound, word or phrase) to calm the mind or body. Some studies have found that meditation can alter a range of bodily functions including breathing, blood-vessel dilation and stress-hormone regulation. The study had 10 participants, between the ages of 11 and 14, who were attending a school for students with language-related learning disabilities all of whom had been diagnosed with ADHD. The students were taught the transcendental meditation technique and then practised it at school twice a day for 10 minutes at a time. After three months the students reported lower stress and anxiety levels and, according to their teachers and parents, their ADHD symptoms had improved.
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