Scientists from Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh have shown that remedial help for children who are poor readers can actually alter their brain structure as well as helping them with their reading. The scientists studied 72 children. 47 were poor readers and 25 were reading at a normal level. Within the group of poor readers 12 did not receive any remedial help and these children formed a control group. The children who received the remedial reading help showed an increase in the quality of their white matter which improved to normal levels. The children who showed the most improvement in their reading also showed the most changes in their white matter.
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