Optimism has been defined as a generalized expectation that good things will happen whereas hope involves having goals, along with the desire and plan to achieve them. Researchers at the University of Alabama, Birmingham have been looking at ways of instilling hope in people. They aimed to build on the strengths people already had and help them to develop them and live up to their potential. A study of 32 people found that those taking part in the 'hope therapy' - given over eight, two-hour group sessions had reduced depressive symptoms compared to a control group.
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