Substance abuse is strongly associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other psychological disorders that may occur after stressful and traumatic events. A study of 48,481 military personnel in the Journal of the American Medical Association looked into the links between military service and alcohol problems. Among Reserve or National Guard personnel who saw action the rate of new-onset heavy weekly drinking was 8.8% of new-onset binge drinking 25.6% and of new-onset alcohol problems 7.1%. Among regular soldiers the rates were 6%, 26.6% and 4.8% respectively. Women were more likely to report heavy weekly drinking but less likely to report binge drinking or alcohol problems. Those born after 1980 and those with PTSD and depression were all more likely to develop alcohol problems.
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