Thursday, November 06, 2008

Drug treatment for teenage substance-abusers

In 2007 it is estimated that between 200,000 and 400,000 adolescents abused prescription opioids and it is thought that a number of these youngsters could become dependent on, or addicted to them. Buprenorphine and naloxone have been shown to be effective in treating opioid addiction but only limited use of these drugs has been recommended for younger people. A study by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania looked at 152 young people between the ages of 15 and 21. 55% were using heroin, 35% prescription opioids and 10% both. One group were given 12 weeks of treatment with buprenorphine and naloxone, the other group only 2 weeks. After eight weeks of treatment only 23% of those on the long-term treatment tested positive for opioids compared to 54% on the short-term therapy. However, after 12 weeks the gap had narrowed; 43% of those on the extended drug therapy tested positive compared to 51% in the short-term group. However, participants in the long-term group were much more likely to stay in treatment (70% vs 20.5%) and reported less use of opioids, cocaine and marijuana, less injecting and less need for additional addiction treatment.

You can find out more about this research at


substance abuse said...

your article provides very important data related to substance abuse which is helpful for people.
Substance like cocaine and morphine are generally used to remove anxiety and create artificial pleasure. Due to uncontrolled use, consumers become substance abuse. Treatment for substance abuse is not an easy task.

John said...

Intensive outpatient programs are for teens who have committed to staying drug free, but need treatment after school to prevent use and promote recovery. These programs can also include adolescents who have already completed residential treatment, but feel that they need further support in the transition back into daily life. These programs usually rely on support from friends and family. Detoxification is for adolescents who need safe, medically supervised relief from withdrawal symptoms when they first enter a rehabilitation program.

John Gale said...

Thank you both for your comments which were very interesting. I hope you enjoyed the blog and visit again shortly. You can find other posts on substance abuse by clicking on the subject index to the right-hand side of the blog.