Tuesday, December 23, 2008

CBT and depression, men and women

There is now a considerable amount of evidence that cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is effective in treating depression. It is as effective as antidepressants, safe, theoretically sound and produces long-term reductions in symptoms. However, little is known about the differences (if any) in the effectiveness of CBT for helping men and women. An Australian study of 251 people receiving group and individual CBT measured their depression, anxiety and quality of life before and after treatment. "Men and women demonstrated equivalent pre-treatment and post-treatment illness severity, a comparable gradient of improvement on outcomes, and attainment of clinically significant benchmarks."

Watson, Hunna J. and Nathan, Paula R. - Role of gender in depressive disorder outcome for individual and group cognitive-behavioural treatment Journal of Clinical Psychology December 2008, 64(12), 1323-1337

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